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Extra info for An Introduction to the Policy Process: Theories, Concepts, and Models of Public Policy Making
The simplest model of the policy process is an input-output model. The inputs are the various issues, pressures, information, and the like to which the actors in the system react. The outputs are, in simplest terms, public policy decisions to do or not do something. 2. %2;´ 7KHSROLWLFDOV\VWHPWUDQVODWHVLQSXWVLQWRRXWSXWV 7KHVWUXFWXUDOVRFLDOSROLWLFDODQGHFRQRPLF HQYLURQPHQWVLQIOXHQFHSROLWLFDODQGSROLF\PDNLQJ DFWLYLWLHV 2XWSXWV /DZV 5HJXODWLRQV 'HFLVLRQV )HHGEDFNLQIOXHQFHVWKHSROLWLFDO V\VWHPDQGWKHQDWXUHRIWKH GHPDQGVWKDWFRQWLQXHWKHF\FOH The challenge in thinking about policy as the product of a system lies in understanding how policy makers translate sets of inputs into outputs.
And many of us don’t have any particular issue that would cause us to mobilize with others to demand policy change. Most of us do not care too much about the day-to-day workings of government because we are busy with the day-to-day workings of our lives and because the activities of government seem removed from our daily interests and needs. Still, the federal government plays an important role in every aspect of our lives, from the nutrition labeling on our breakfast cereal to the standards for fire-retardant kids’ clothing.
Using perspectives of American politics, individuals studying public policy processes address such topics as issue emergence and policy agendas, the cultural definition of policy problems, policy formulation, political feasibility, and policy implementation. The policy process literature can be distinguished from other flavors of public policy as follows: Unlike policy analysis, it does not emphasize the craft aspects of constructing and analyzing policies. Unlike policy research, it does not emphasize problem solving (rather, it is the study of how others define and seek to solve problems).