By Mamadou Dia
Authors: Mamadou Dia
Publisher: international Bank
Keywords: indigenous, transpla, reconciling, Nineties, administration, africa
ISBN-10: 082133431X ISBN-13: 9780821334317
List expense: 22.00 USD
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Extra resources for Africa's management in the 1990s and beyond: reconciling indigenous and transplanted institutions
Chapter 3 focuses therefore on illustrating best practices in using the reconciliation paradigm to improve economic management. The chapter starts with a discussion of the successful creation of local institutional enclaves (as opposed to donor-driven, project-related enclaves) as a quick fix for improving resource mobilization in Ghana. The creation and successful operation of an independent national revenue secretariat to manage the tax and customs administration in Ghana and similar initiatives in other countries constitute a best practice for this enclave approach.
The BIAO's procedural guidelines, being dependent on regular savings and deposits, were unsustainable in the context of high inflation, low salaries, and a high cost of living. By making access to services hinge on investment shares, the Bank of Africa in Mali also generally failed. It skewed lending toward larger commercial customers, who were also shareholders. Most fell behind on their repayment obligationspartly because of ineffective sanctions and insufficient peer pressure resulting from their leverage on management.
DISCONNECT BETWEEN THE STATE AND CIVIL SOCIETY. The strong centralized government inherited from the colonial perioda government without accountability to civil society, lacking transparency, and unregulated by legislative checks and balanceslacked moral legitimacy and bred institutional instability, privatization of the state, and patrimonial incentives and management. Clientelism has usurped moral and political legitimacy, and political and personal loyalty are rewarded more than merit. The resulting impact on economic management and quality of public services is thoroughly documented in a World Bank technical paper, A Governance Approach to Civil Service Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa (Dia 1993).