By Mark P. Zanna
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology remains to be essentially the most wanted and traditionally pointed out sequence during this box. Containing contributions of significant empirical and theoretical curiosity, this sequence represents the simplest and the brightest in new learn, thought, and perform in social psychology. quantity 34 contains chapters on cognition in persuasion, decisions of equity, social wisdom, attributional inference, discrimination, stereotypes, and target structures.
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Additional info for Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, Vol. 34
In it, we used the same paradigm as in the Van den Bos and Miedema (2000) study described earlier in the chapter. After participants had completed the work round, they were told how many tasks they had completed in the work round, and—to ensure that participants felt they could compare their contributions to those of the Other—the participants were told that Other had completed an equivalent number of tasks. After this, our experimental manipulations were induced. First, the procedure was manipulated.
On the basis of this, we argued that knowing that your 26 VAN DEN BOS AND LIND outcome is equal to, better than, or worse than the outcome of a comparison other provides more relevant information and a more diagnostic reference point regarding how to respond to your outcome than knowing only that your outcome is better or worse than expected. Following the fairness substitutability proposition, this implies that people who receive an outcome that is better or worse than expected will use other information—such as procedural information—more than people who receive an outcome that they know is equal, better, or worse than that of the comparison other.
On the basis of the substitutability proposition, Van den Bos argued that when information about procedure is not available (as in the case of implicit no-voice procedures), people will be uncertain as to how they should judge the procedure, and they therefore will use the fairness of their outcome to assess how to respond to the procedure. As a result, the procedural fairness judgments of these people were expected to show strong effects for the fairness of the outcome. However, persons who are explicitly denied voice have explicit information about procedure and hence have less need to rely on outcome information, yielding weaker fair outcome effects on procedural fairness judgments.