Read e-book online Advances in Algal Cell Biology PDF

By Kirsten Heimann

Molecular examine on algae over the past a long time has supplied major insights into common organic mechanisms. this data has proved necessary to the sphere of biotechnology the place learn on new functions in foodstuff tradition, biofuel and prescribed drugs is underway. This new publication on algal phone biology presents an outline of state-of-the-art study with a spotlight on cytoskeleton structure/function and cytokinesis of algae.

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Soc. , B, Biol. Sci. 363: 2675–2685. P. Gogarten. 2007. Did an ancient chlamydial endosymbiosis facilitate the establishment of primary plastids? Genome Biol. 8: R99. C. A. Lake. 1999. Horizontal gene transfer among genomes: the complexity hypothesis. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96: 3801–3806. , A. Horák, M. Obornik, J. J. Keeling. 2010. A common red algal origin of the apicomplexan, dinoflagellate, and heterokont plastids. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107: 10949–10954. J. 2010. The endosymbiotic origin, diversification and fate of plastids.

G. 2 Interpreting the origins of non-cyanobacterial genes in plants and algae. The diagram shows two possible scenarios to explain the sisterhood of non-cyanobacterial and plastid-derived genes in phylogenetic analyses. (A) A prokaryotic lineage ‘A’ established an interactive relationship with a plastid-bearing eukaryote, which is not found today, and donates genes to this eukaryote but not to cyanobacteria. (B) A prokaryotic lineage ‘B’ donates genes to an ancestral cyanobacterial lineage after the divergence/evolution of plastids.

Proposed that the ancestor of plastids possessed both the cyanobacterial and non-cyanobacterial rbcL-S-cbbX operons for a period of time, and that the ancestors of each of three lineages (green plants, red algae and glaucophytes) differentially lost one of the two operons (Maier et al. 2000). At face value, this hypothesis is most consistent with the ‘duplication and differential loss’ scenario for the evolution of the rbcLS operon. However, the phylogenetic origin of the O. sativa cbbX homolog has not been determined and it remains to be elucidated whether the origin of non-cyanobacterial rbcL-S-cbbX operons can in fact be traced back to the common ancestor of primary plastids.

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