By William P. Leahy
Professor Leahy recounts the educational tensions among spiritual ideals and highbrow inquiry, and discover the social adjustments that experience affected larger schooling and American Catholicism all through this century. He makes an attempt to provide an explanation for why the numerous progress of Catholic faculties and universities used to be no longer continuously matched via concomitant educational esteem within the higher international of yankee greater schooling.
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Professor Leahy recounts the tutorial tensions among spiritual ideals and highbrow inquiry, and discover the social alterations that experience affected better schooling and American Catholicism all through this century. He makes an attempt to give an explanation for why the numerous progress of Catholic faculties and universities used to be no longer constantly matched by way of concomitant educational esteem within the better international of yankee better schooling.
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Additional resources for Adapting to America: Catholics, Jesuits, and Higher Education in the Twentieth Century
A few American bishops sought a similar decree even though Terence Powderly, head of the Knights in the United States, was a Catholic and had publicly disavowed socialism. 39 The action of the hierarchy boosted unions at a critical time and prevented possible alienation of Catholic workers from the church. But more important for Catholic ideology, it marked a significant adaptation to American social conditions. Gibbons and other prelates interpreted Catholic traditions and doctrine in terms of existing circumstances and did not allow old fears about the threat of Masonic-like groups and socialism to preclude support for workers.
This animosity surfaced periodically in organizations like the Know Nothing Party (1854), the Ku Klux Klan (1865 and 1915), and the American Protective Association (1887). Immigration and religious discrimination, so central in the Catholic experience in the United States, had long-lasting consequences for the Catholic Church and its members. Catholics, like most immigrants, started at the bottom of the occupational ladder. 10 Catholics also sought collegiate training in increasing numbers by the last decades of the nineteenth century, another indication of their improving social and economic circumstances.
Partially influenced by the example of the national government, individual states, especially in the Midwest, established universities. Also, as more educators became acquainted with the lecture, seminar, and research methods of German universities, and with the stress in these institutions on intellectual achievement over religious concerns, support grew for similar emphases in the United States. Finally, private wealth existed to finance new universities like Johns Hopkins, Chicago, and Stanford, each breaking with past educational ideas.